On this day in 1903 the Buick Motor Company is founded as a subdivision of Buick Auto-Vim and Power Company, which started business in 1899 manufacturing internal combustion engines. The Buick marque is the oldest functioning automobile manufacturer in the United States. The first Buicks to go on sale to the public were launched in 1904 and dubbed the Model B and 37 were made that year. There are no known survivors of the 1904 vehicles, but there are two replicas that have original 1904 engines. William C. Durant came on board with Buick early as General Manager and as a natural promoter he made it the best selling automobile in America in its early years. Durant used the profits from the company to found General Motors in 1908, of which he acquired Buick to be one of the original divisions. In 1911 Buick introduced their first closed body car, four years ahead of Ford. Other early achievements for Buick included winning the first race held at Indianapolis Motor Speedway (1911), being the first brand to introduce turn signals (1939) and the introduction of the Buick V8 to coincide with their 50th anniversary in 1953. Buick always was an upperclass car, competing with brands below Cadillac but above entry level cars such as Chevrolet.
Buick has recently revamped their lineup and is aiming to be a heavy contender amid entry level luxury vehicles such as Acura, Volvo and lower level Lexus cars. In 2015 the company had their best year yet selling 1,231,941 vehicles. Photos1904 Buick Model B.Louis Chevrolet racing a Buick Bug at the 1910 Vanderbilt Cup1937 Buick Phaeton1972 Buick Skylark1982 Buick Riviera1992 Buick Roadmaster Limited2016 Buick Cascada, by ilikewaffles11 – Buick Cascada, CC BY 2.0,