Volkswagen publicly introduced the production version of its new Karmann Ghia on this day in 1955 at the Kasino Hotel in Westphalia, Germany. The KG was marketed as a 2+2 sports car that was available as a coupe, or after 1957, as a convertible. It combined the mechanicals and chassis of the Volkswagen Type 1 Beetle with styling by Italy’s Carrozzeria Ghia and hand-built bodywork by German coachbuilding house Karmann.
The Type 14, as the KG was labeled internally, was initially shown at the 1953 Paris Auto Show as a styling experiment. It garnered enough attention that executives moved it toward production. When the final design, as a 2+2, debuted at the Kasino Hotel, it was extremely well received. Full scale production began the next month and within one year more than 10,000 Karmann Ghias were sold.
While the Volkswagen Beetle had a machine-welded body with bolt-on fenders, the Karmann Ghia’s body panels were butt-welded, hand-shaped, and smoothed with English pewter. This was a very involved process that was more common at high-end automakers. This building method resulted in the Karmann Ghia’s high price of $2,395 in 1955, compared to the Beetle which went for just $1,495 the same year.
In 1974, the final year or German production (1975 in South America), the rear seat was removed on all US destined models. This was because of new laws in the United States that required seat belts. When production finally seized, more than 445,000 Karmann Ghias had left the assembly line. All were virtually identical to each other, aside from minor changes in styling and upgraded engines throughout the years.