The Hells Angels Motorcycle Club was formed by the Bishop family in Fontana, California on this day in 1948. Composed of members from a number of other area clubs, the Angels name is said to be inspired by WWII fighter pilots and Howard Hughes’ 1930 film “Hell’s Angels” (note the apostrophe) about WWI fighter pilots. Internal club messaging states the name was suggested by Arvid Olson, an associate of the club founders, who was the Squadron Leader of the 3rd Pursuit Squadron “Hells Angels” American Volunteer Group. Olson himself never became a member of the club.
Early knowledge of the organization of the Hells Angels is somewhat unclear, but some of the first chapters were founded in San Francisco, CA Fontana, CA and Oakland, CA. By the 1960s the club had become a leader in the counterculture movement and are believed to have been interconnected with many icons of the era, including The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Ken Kesey and others.
Today, there are approximately 467 Hells Angels chapters that are active in 59 countries throughout five continents. Due to various members of the club being charged with crimes, including drug trafficking and fraudulent telemarketing, the club is now considered an organized crime syndicate by the US Department of Justice. The organization maintains that this is due to individual members within the club, and that crime is not a part of the club’s internal philosophies.