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December 18, 1898 – The first automobile land speed record is set

Count Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat in his record setting Jeantaud.

Count Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat of France set the first official automobile land speed record on this day in 1898 when he completed the flying kilometer in an electric Jeantaud in 57 seconds, an average speed of 63.13 km/h (39 mph). The record was set during a competition in France hosted by a relatively new magazine, La France Automobile. The record would kickoff a fierce speed contest between Chasseloup-Laubat and another car builder and driver, Camille Jenatzy of Belgium. 

Georges Bouton and the count de Chasseloup-Laubat on a steam automobile Trépardoux & Cie. Dog Cart de route (1885), possibly the winning vehicle of the Marseille-La Turbie contest of 1897.

Between January and March of 1899 the two battled for the highest speed and Chasseloup-Laubat remained victorious. His reign as the speed king would come to an end on April 29, 1899 when Jenatzy crossed the 100 km/h mark in his torpedo-shaped electric car dubbed La Jamais Contente. His run that day earned an average speed of 105 km/h (65 mph), a record that would stand in France for three years.

Jenatzy in his La Jamais Contente

Chales Jeantaud designed the Jeantaud that Chasseloup-Laubat drove to set the first official land speed record. He had long been a body fabricator for carriages, but starting in 1881 he began building electric vehicles. He would continue to build vehicles in France under the Jeantaud marquee until 1906. 


Period drawing of Jenatzy breaking 100 km/h.

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